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Medicine

What is reflux and how does it occur?

Gastroesophageal reflux is the pathological escape of stomach contents from the stomach to the esophagus. At the junction of the esophagus with the stomach, there is a jaundice that works like a lid. Reflux develops after damage or loss of this narrowing function. Such diseases are caused by malnutrition and long life forms. For example, diet with high acidity and frequent diets with poor quality fatty foods make the stomach content more acidic than it should be.

Depending on the content and digestion time, the foods we eat are digested with acid in the stomach for approximately 60 to 90 minutes and then pass to the small intestine and end their relationship with the esophagus. Therefore, keeping the body in an upright position for 90 minutes after eating prevents the acidic mixed food from escaping back.

Likewise, positions such as lying on the couch, sleeping in bed or getting a handstand or taking active aggressive movements in the first 90 minutes after meals force the stenosis that acts as a valve between the esophagus and the stomach and increases the backward escape of the stomach contents.

As this malnutrition and the wrong life continue, our upper digestive system becomes more damaged and patients experience burning behind the rib cage. Reflux can sometimes cause burning of food behind the esophagus as well as food and brackish water. These burning sensations often occur after meals.

How can we protect from reflux?

  • Reflux is one of the long-term illnesses caused by malnutrition and incorrect lifestyles.
  • Filling the stomach with food by cramming food will increase backward acidity by increasing stomach pressure. Careful not to fill your stomach completely and full of meals in the meal to prevent the many diseases such as reflux and gastritis, as well as after-meal fatigue and loss of energy will protect.
  • Diet with high acidity, foods with tomato sauce, consuming excess tea or coffee, sodas, frequent diets with poor quality fatty or fried foods make the stomach content more acidic, ie burning and harmful.
  • Obesity increases the likelihood of reflux by increasing intra-abdominal pressure. Excessive fat in the abdomen increases the pressure in the intraabdominal cavity, thus suppressing the stomach and facilitating reflux formation.
  • Pregnancy and wear like a corset that tightly wraps around the abdomen, increasing intra-abdominal pressure causes reflux such as obesity.
  • It is about 60-90 minutes for the food we eat to pass from the stomach to the intestines. Staying in the upright position during this time is protective. It is protective against reflux for not sleeping 90 minutes after meals and not standing in a tilted position if possible.
  • Some medications (painkillers and some antibiotics may cause burning in the stomach), alcohol, smoking, stress can cause reflux.

If you experience complaints such as burning in your chest, pain and painful water in your mouth, please consult your doctor.

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