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Medicine

What is heartburn?

Stomach is an organ that helps digest the foods we eat by secreting acid. Imagine a flexible bag, like a hollow balloon, when it enters into food, it expands by stretching and begins to secrete acid and digests the nutrients inside. For example, it can digest the meat you eat, but it does not digest itself, even though it is meat. How that happens? He can protect himself from the acid he secretes. This property is vital. It secretes mucus. This mucus protects the stomach like a varnish spread on wood on the surface of the stomach, like paint on metal, as a shield along the stomach wall. Unable to protect the conditions in the form of heartburn causes discomfort described.

What is Gastritis?

Gastritis means gastric infection. There are several factors that can disrupt the stomach protective wall and its natural acidic balance. For example, a diet that increases the amount of stomach acid, high-protein diet, certain medications (especially painkillers), excessive spices, fatty-fried foods, spicy sauces, alcohol and cigarettes … prolonged exposure to these factors will increase the risk of damage to the stomach wall. Another factor that causes heartburn is that it disrupts the structure of the stomach mucus wall. Examples of helicobacter infections and gastritis

Alcohol, dietary excessive salt, helicobacter infection, cigarettes, nitrites and nitrates, (sausage, sausage, etc., pickles, brine, abundant foods abundant) A, C, E and selenium deficiencies are factors that increase the risk of gastric inflammation.

How does stomach ulcer occur?

Ulcers may develop occasionally due to the decrease in the amount of mucus in the surface area of the stomach wall or the increase in acid content in the stomach content or the combination of these two factors. Ulcer is an area of tissue that is irritated by the stomach contents. The mucus on the surface is melted, the condition where the stomach acid begins to digest the stomach wall ulcer.

What are digestive system bleeding?

If the deepening ulcers reach the blood vessels of the stomach and irritate the vessel wall, there will be bleeding into the stomach, which is a mobile organ. When this bleeding occurs in the stomach, the stomach digests our own blood just like foods. The increase in the amount of bleeding in the stool manifests itself as melena. Melena is very dark (almost black) and smells bad. If you make defecation in a darker color than normal, please do not forget to consult your doctor.

If the ulcer is not in the stomach, but in the immediate exit of the stomach, that is, in the duodenum where the intestines have the pH values ​​closest to the stomach content, they also carry the risk of bleeding. This time, bleeding starts in the part of the stomach after the stool itself does not appear as melena. A defecation similar to the cherry decay can be seen.

No matter where in the digestive system, if the ulcer has irritated the vascular wall and caused bleeding, this will, like all other bleeding, result in a reduction in the amount of blood.

Bleeding at a low flow rate that cannot change the color of the feces in the digestive system is an undetected blood loss until diagnosis is made and is the cause of anemia. The fact that blood values do not return to normal despite proper nutrition and adequate use of blood medication (iron +2 or iron +3) indicates low-flow bleeding in the digestive tract.

In order to reduce the symptoms of heartburn, we must first pay attention to our diet. There are also drugs that reduce stomach acidity and protect the stomach wall.

What’s good for heartburn?

  • It releases acid and digestive enzymes that will digest the glands in the stomach with the weight and stress formed by the food entering the stomach. Excessive nutrition, excessive acid secretion and excessive stretching of the stomach cause the stomach to not protect itself. Care should be taken not to cram during feeding.
  • Alcohol, dietary excessive salt, fatty-fried foods, cigarettes, nitrites and nitrates, pressure medications (especially painkillers are common causes of heartburn) disrupt the natural wall structure of the stomach
  • Avoid alcohol and cigarettes
  • Excessive salt consumption should be avoided
  • Dried meat products such as sausage, sausage, ham with high nitrite and nitrate content should not be consumed too much.
  • In case of stomach burns, using carbonate will decrease the pH of the stomach and provide relief.
  • Drugs that protect the stomach wall from the harmful effect of acid by covering the stomach wall in a similar manner to natural mucus can be used.
  • Drugs that neutralize the acid in the stomach may provide short-term benefits in stomach burns.
  • Drugs known as stomach preservatives can provide protective efficacy by reducing gastric acid secretion throughout the day by using 1 daily.

We should consult with our doctor when we notice that the color of our stomach or heartburn changes.

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